Jones Act Injuries Resulting From Emergency Stops and Turns
Emergency maneuvering is usually done to avoid a collision with another vessel or a stationary object, such as a bridge or oil platform. While the main engine is subjected to severe stress during reversing, the safety of the ship and crew is assured when procedures are done correctly.
However, mistakes are often made when tensions run high. A breakdown in safety systems can lead to injuries during evasive maneuvers such as:
- A crew member hitting his head on a doorway after the jar of the engine
- Broken fingers while attempting to override steering controls manually
- Being struck by falling cargo
- Falling down hatches or stairways
- Colliding with a stationary object while attempting an emergency turn
Following Procedure Is Key to Preventing Emergency Maneuver Accidents
Hard-stopping a ship is highly stressful and much more complex than slamming on the brakes in a car. The helms person must reverse the rotational direction of the main engine, pulling the ship backward into a stop. If the vessel has shaftline propulsion, turning to full astern takes several minutes and compromises steering ability. The emergency stopping procedure in vessels equipped with podded propellers allows ships to come to a halt much faster, but it demands step-by-step manual actions by the helmsperson.
While the sequence varies from ship to ship, the general procedure may include the following:
- Sounding a collision emergency to alert the crew and passengers
- Calling the engine room and ordering an immediate stop to avoid a collision
- Immediately transferring the control of the ship from the bridge to the engine room controls
- Reversing the direction of the starting air cam
- Bringing the fuel lever in the engine control room to 0
- Forcing air into the ahead-moving piston when the engine’s RPM drops below 40% of the Maximum Continuous Rating (MCR)
- Bringing the fuel lever to minimum to start the open running direction interlock once the RPM drops to near zero
- Making a full engine inspection after the ship stops and the situation is under control
Did Your Vessel Have a Successful Crash Stop Test?
All vessels must undergo safety inspections and regular drills to ensure that all necessary measures have been taken to protect the crew. A crash stop test is critical as it allows the captain to estimate the time and distance needed to bring the ship to a complete stop in an emergency.
For the test to be valid, it must be carried out at average speed on a straight path. The vessel should be allowed to surge with negligible acceleration until it proceeds in a steady motion on the desired path. The ship’s course must be tracked and recorded using the GPS installed on the vessel.
Once the engine achieves the rated RPM on open water, the rotational direction of the engine is suddenly reversed. The GPS measures the distance covered by the vessel before it comes to a complete stop and is recorded as the vessel’s track length.
It should be noted that many factors can alter the track length of a ship over time. The amount of load it carries, the wear and tear on components, and the engine's age can all affect the ship's braking parameters. Regular testing can keep the track length up to date and prevent unnecessary injuries.
If ships have an automated braking sequence, these systems should also be tested to ensure they are in safe working order and will respond appropriately in an emergency.
Let a Maritime Injury Lawyer Fight on Your Side
Suppose you have been hurt while your vessel commander was trying to avoid a collision. In that case, the experienced maritime attorneys at Hofmann & Schweitzer can protect your rights—and we don’t collect any payment unless we win your case. Call us at 1-800-362-9329 or learn more about your claim in our complimentary guide, Are You a Seaman Injured in a Maritime Accident? Know Your Rights.